Should You Be Investing in Mall REITs?

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Macy’s, J.C. Penney, and Wal-Mart are some of the retailers that are closing stores, prompting fears that now is not the time to invest in mall REITs. For example, Chris Versace, a writer for the Eagle Daily Investor, has stated that anchor store closings and the rising number of online sales are changing how retailers operate, meaning that people should not invest in mall REITs until the resulting wave of store closures have come to a conclusion.

Are These Concerns Warranted?

There are reasons to believe that fears about mall REITs are overblown. For starters, some stocks have been performing better than others, meaning that there is still hope in the form of REITs with high sales per square foot such as General Growth Properties, Macerich, and Simon Property Group. Also, REITs are still planning new malls, which they probably wouldn’t be if the prospects were really so bad. Mall vacancy rate has been trending downwards since the great recession.

In fact, these companies have been performing better than the average equity REIT. Their dividend yields have been lower, usually an indication that things are going in their favor. As another point of view, WP GLIMCHER and CBL & Associates Properties are offering higher-than-average dividend yields because they have suffered from tenant bankruptcies and store closures with corresponding consequences for their own financial states and share prices.

Also, Brookfield Asset Management bought mall REIT Rouse Properties last month, elevating Rouse’s share price by 25% in 2016. This transaction elevated mall profile, as well.

It is worth mentioning that the concerns over store closures have been exaggerated. For example, Macy’s opened 26 stores even as it closed 40 stores in 2015, suggesting that the problem wasn’t across the board but concentrated in particular locations. Similarly, both Macy’s and J.C. Penney have pointed out the positive correlation between brick-and-mortar stores and their online counterparts that exist because people are able to browse and return products that they buy online. In other words, the conclusion that the rising number of online sales is causing an industry-wide problem for mall REITs is suspect because the evidence shows that having both an online and offline store actually drives up sales rather than drive them down.

Further Considerations

Summed up, it is debatable that mall REITs should be avoided because of the rising number of online sales and stores closures. However, interested individuals should remember that successful investing is based on a lot of hard work, meaning that they should not take this as an endorsement to invest in mall REITs at random without putting in the necessary time and effort.

Source: CBL & Associates Properties In(NYSE:CBL), Rouse Properties, Inc.(NYSE:RSE), WP GLIMCHER Inc.(NYSE:WPG), Simon Property Group Inc.(NYSE:SPG), The Macerich Company(NYSE:MAC), General Growth Properties, Inc(NYSE:GGP)

Disclaimer: This newsletter is not engaged in rendering tax, accounting, or other professional advice through this publication. No statement in this issue is to be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell any security or other investment. Please do your own due diligence before making any investment decision. Some information presented in this publication has been obtained from third-party sources considered to be reliable. Sources are not required to make representations as to the accuracy of the information, however, and consequently the publisher cannot guarantee accuracy.

Disclosure: The author has no positions in any shares mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

Simon Spoiled Taubman’s Mall Project

Last Friday, some investors in the financial markets were disappointed at the Q4-2015 results of Simon Property Group, a huge regional mall REIT ($58 billion market cap), but in the world of brick and mortar, that may not be the case. Simon looks to have beaten Taubman Centers’ ($4 billion market cap regional mall REIT) plan to open an enclosed shopping mall in downtown Miami. Taubman is instead settling for a high end retail street.

chart03.pngAlong with Miami Worldcenter Associates and Forbes Company, Taubman intended to construct a 765,000 square foot mall which was fully enclosed. While retail, dining and entertainment were to be key, over 40% of the mall was set to be dedicated to Bloomingdale’s and Macy’s. Included in the plan was a pedestrian-only street which featured multiple restaurants and shops on 7th street, which led directly to the American Airlines Arena. A press release on Jan 11 stated that the mall project had been discarded, and in its place would be a high end retail street, positioned south to north between 7th and 10th streets.

chart04.pngSimon planned to construct an open-air shopping center simultaneously in downtown Miami. The luxury mall is to be 500,000 square feet, and complete with high-end retailers along with plenty of dining and entertainment facilities in the Brickell neighborhood. Part of the project has already been finished and is to open this year. Local developers have been developing the project with Simon. Both projects are mixed-use and also include offices, hotels and residences.

chart05.pngTaubman’s decision strikes many as yet another signal that the idea of a mall no longer works in America. Cities have become increasingly urbanized and, along with the growth of online shopping and the boost to high street shopping, malls have become marginalized. But while Taubman is looking to expand overseas, and in particular to Asia, it’s unlikely that they will scrap future mall projects in the U.S. This scenario appears to be just a downtown Miami battle between two competitors.

chart02Due to recent selloffs, some regional malls REIT stocks have returned poorly, whereas others have been holding better. Simon has been the latter. Following the release of its results on Friday, Simon stocks dropped, but they quickly rebounded. Simon’s Q4-15 funds from operations have fallen in comparison with Q4-14. Also, occupancy dropped by 100 basis points. Despite this result, vacancy levels for malls in general have trended downwards.

The regional malls REITS that have higher sales per square foot have been doing better. Macerich, Taubman, Simon and General Growth average an AFFO multiple of 24x. In contrast, Rouse Properties, Pennsylvania Real Estate, WP Glimcher and CBL & Associates are languishing badly with an AFFO multiple of just 11x.

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As a result of the project change, Taubman’s share price fell for days after the announcement was made. Taubman trades at 27x yield at 3.2%, which is the highest AFFO multiple among its peers.

chart06Source: Taubman Centers, Inc.(NYSE:TCO), Simon Property Group Inc.(NYSE:SPG), General Growth Properties, Inc(NYSE:GGP), WP GLIMCHER Inc.(NYSE:WPG), Pennsylvania Real Estate Inves(NYSE:PEI),The Macerich Company(NYSE:MAC), CBL & Associates Properties In(NYSE:CBL), Rouse Properties, Inc.(NYSE:RSE), Yahoo!Finance, Fast Graphs, Brickell City Centre, Miami Worldcenter, Reis

Disclaimer: This newsletter is not engaged in rendering tax, accounting, or other professional advice through this publication. No statement in this issue is to be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell any security or other investment. Please do your own due diligence before making any investment decision. Some information presented in this publication has been obtained from third-party sources considered to be reliable. Sources are not required to make representations as to the accuracy of the information, however, and consequently the publisher cannot guarantee accuracy.

Disclosure: The author has no positions in any shares mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.

Simon Property Group – Harvard Chose Them For A Reason

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In 2014, Harvard Business Review (HBR) named Simon Property Group’s (NYSE: SPG) Chairman and CEO, David Simon, as one of the top 5 CEOs and the top CEO among all REITs. Although he went to Columbia University for his MBA, HBR recognizes his abilities as well as Simon Property Group’s high rankings in several metrics, including total shareholder return. As a REIT analyst, researching Simon Property Group has been a very smooth and pleasurable experience.

Commanding the largest market capitalization among regional mall REITs (US$56 billion), Simon Property Group owns, develops, and manages retail properties. These properties primarily consist of malls, Premium Outlets, and The Mills. For New England shoppers, the company owns such prime locations as Wrentham and Kittery Premium Outlets. The naysayers dooming the mall concept should visit these outlets during a busy shopping weekend.

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Simon Property Group’s portfolio includes 110 malls, 68 Premium Outlets, and 14 Mills distributed across 37 states and Puerto Rico. The company also has a broad international footprint with real estate ownership interests in Japan, South Korea, Canada, Mexico, Malaysia, and select European countries. In May 2014, Simon Property Group spun off 98 properties to Washington Prime Group, also known as WP Glimcher (NYSE: WPG). The spin-off consisted mostly of strip centers and enclosed malls.

Simon Property Group’s performance in Q1 2015 (versus Q1 2014) was stellar with:

  • An increase in revenues of 5 percent
  • Same store net operating income increased 4 percent
  • Comparable Funds from operations per share increased 7 percent
  • Dividend per share increased 15 percent
  • Dividend payout ratio remained at 66 percent
  • Occupancy reached 96 percent.

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The company’s debt portfolio has been well managed and is one of the most conservative among its peers. Simon Property Group’s debt-to-total capitalization ratio is 28.3 percent. The majority of their debt is at a fixed interest rate and the effective weighted average interest rate is 4.3 percent.

When examining its valuation, Simon Property Group’s stock is priced just right. The company’s price-to-FFO multiple has been approximately 20 and the implied capitalization rate is between 6.5-7.0 percent. The dividend yield is somewhat low at 3.3 percent.

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A solid stock comes at a premium and Simon Property Group is no different. Given the above analysis and metrics, money should be put to work elsewhere.

Source: Simon Property Group


Written by Heli Brecailo

Disclaimer: This newsletter is not engaged in rendering tax, accounting, or other professional advice through this publication. No statement in this issue is to be construed as a recommendation to buy or sell any security or other investment. Please do your own due diligence before making any investment decision. Some information presented in this publication has been obtained from third-party sources considered to be reliable. Sources are not required to make representations as to the accuracy of the information, however, and consequently the publisher cannot guarantee accuracy.

Disclosure: The author has no positions in any shares mentioned, and no plans to initiate any positions within the next 72 hours.​